Updated: Mar 27
Blood flows from heart to different parts of the body through tiny blood vessels. Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by blood when it flows through these blood vessels. Normal blood pressure in an adult is 120/80 mm of Hg. When it goes above the normal limit, it is called high blood pressure or hypertension. Hypertension is called the ‘silent killer’ because most people usually show no signs or symptoms. Some people may have symptoms of headache, nausea, vomiting, faintness, blurred vision or nosebleed in advanced stages.
High blood pressure, if left untreated, may cause complications such as heart attack or even heart failure and stroke.
Causes of hypertension:
Raised cholesterol level: Persistently raised cholesterol level lead to the deposition of cholesterol deposits inside the blood vessels, thus leading to thinning of blood vessels and in turn hypertension.
Age: Blood pressure increases after the age of 60 years due to stiffness of arteries.
Stress: Stress is a major factor in today’s world which is responsible for causing high blood pressure.
Smoking and alcohol.
Menopause: Some females develop hypertension during menopause due to hormonal changes.
Diet rich in sodium and low in potassium.
Medical conditions such as hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome.
Homoeopathic medicines such as Baryta muriaticum, Allium sativum, Natrum muriaticum, Cratageus, Glonoine, Kali phosphoricum are very much effective in controlling high blood pressure.