Irritable Bowel Syndrome (also known as IBS colitis, Mucous colitis, Irritable colon or Spastic colon) is a functional gastrointestinal disorder characterised by recurrent abdominal pain and altered bowel habit, which may be diarrhoea or constipation or both. These symptoms occur over a long time, often for years. The disease is only a functional disorder and no obvious pathological changes are visible in the intestinal tract. IBS is more common in women than men. People younger then 50 years are more likely to develop IBS than people who are older than 50 years.
Causes and Risk factors: There are no known causes of IBS. However, factors that increase your chances of having IBS are:
Family history of IBS.
Emotional stress, tension or anxiety.
Severe digestive tract infection.
Different types of Irritable Bowel Syndrome: IBS is of three types based on the changes in the bowel movements.
IBS with constipation: Stools are hard, lumpy and difficult to pass.
IBS with diarrhoea: Stools are loose and watery.
IBS with mixed bowel habits: Stools may be hard, lumpy and loose, watery on the same day.
Common symptoms of IBS are:
Abdominal pain, which goes off after passing stool.
Bloating and gas.
Constipation and/or diarrhoea.
Mucus in stool.
Eat small meals throughout the day.
Increase your fibre intake.
Avoid spicy and fatty foods, gluten-rich foods (pasta, processed foods).
Take probiotics, which help relieve gas and bloating.
Regularly indulge in active exercise.
Avoid coffee, as it stimulates intestines.
Get enough sleep.