Anxiety is a feeling of fear, worry or unease. When stress is lingered for days or weeks and prevents your from carrying day-to-day activities, then you may be experiencing anxiety. Anxiety is excessive, uncontrollable worry about a range or ordinary issues such as health, work or finances. It is normal to feel stress and anxiety in some situations. But if you experience excessive fear or anxiety, you might have an anxiety disorder. Your body tenses up, and your mind becomes fixated on the thing you are worried. Your breathing might increase, your heart might start pounding, you start sweating, you could feel butterflies in your stomach, appetite decreases, sleep gets disturbed, feel exhausted even after a full night’s sleep.
Causes of anxiety:
People with certain personality traits such as being a perfectionist or shy or having low self-esteem can contribute to developing anxiety.
Stressful or traumatic events such as financial stress, family and relationship problems, loss or death of a loved one, pregnancy and giving birth, stress about work or changing jobs.
Family history of anxiety or other medical conditions.
Certain medical conditions like thyroid disorders or heart problems.
Types of anxiety disorders:
Generalised Anxiety Disorder: People with GDA worry about normal daily activities such as health, money, work and family. They have it almost everyday, for at least 6 months, even when there is nothing to provoke it.
Panic disorder: People with panic disorder have panic attacks. Sudden repeated periods of intense fear, along with physical symptoms such as chest pain, palpitations, shortness of breath, diziness or abdominal distress.
Phobias: People with phobias have an intense fear of something that poses little or no actual danger.
Obsessive- compulsive disorder: Characterised by recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and/ or repetitive behaviour (compulsions). Repetitive behaviours such as frequent hand washing, counting, checking or cleaning. Not performing them markedly increases anxiety.
Tips to control anxiety:
Take proper sleep.
Perform yoga and meditation to calm down the nerves.
Indulge in regular exercise.
Develop some hobbies to refresh your mind.
Eat healthy food, nuts, green leafy vegetables. Avoid fried and junk food.
Drink good amount of water.
Avoid smoking and alcohol.
Share your problem with family members and friends.
Aconite, Arsenicum album, Argentum nitricum, Ignatia, Lycopodium, Kali arsenicum, Kali phosphoricum are some of the most effective homoeopathic medicines for reducing anxiety.
Aconite: Acute and sudden onset of fear. Great fear and anxiety. Fears the future, a crowd, crossing the street. Fears death but believes he will soon die; predicts the time of death.
Arsenicum album: Great anxiety with restlessness. Changes place continually. Fears of death, of being left alone. Thinks it is useless to take medicine. Great exhaustion from the slightest exertion. Great thirst, but drinks little at a time. Burning pains.
Argentum nitricum: Fearful and nervous with peculiar impulsive tendencies. Wants to jump out of window. Fear of height, closed spaces. Upper abdominal affections brought on by undue mental exertion. Withered up and dried constitution, especially when associated with unusual or long continued mental exertion.
Ignatia: Anxiety from long-continued grief or worry; from death of a loved one or from disappointed love. Changeable mood, from laughter to weeping, from sorrow to joy.
Lycopodium: People who live in a constant state of worry. Very intelligent people but fear of talking in public places, fear of giving presentations. Loss of self-confidence. Constant fear of breaking down under stress.
Kali arsenicum: People who have health-based anxiety. Fear of getting heart attacks. Due to these thoughts, they have trouble sleeping.
Kali phosphoricum: When a person has been exhausted by overwork or illness and develops deep anxiety. Due to this develops headache and sleeplessness.